is one of America's more versatile inventors, with many U.S. and foreign patents. He has taught mechanical engineering at UC Berkeley and Oxford University in England, and has a long history as a gear noise consultant to Ford, GM, John Deere, Harley-Davidson, and other gearmakers. He is also the designer of the first Votomatic voting machine, which is now in the Smithsonian. At 85 he is still active, with four new patents pending, including three on gearing and one on a chad-free voting machine. He is the cofounder of OptiGearing LLC.