Articles By D. Scott MacKenzie, Ph.D., FASM
Aggressive grinding can result in thermal damage and potential cracking of a ground part, but methods exist to detect grinding burns and cracks.
Factors that affect hardenability and the rate of austenite transformation — carbon content, grain size, and alloying elements — can be used to calculate hardenability for comparing alloy grades.
A method is described to either calculate the hardness in a component given the quenchant used or to select a quenchant to achieve a desired hardness at the core or surface of a part.
Machining and fixturing prior to heat treatment are among the many potential sources for distortion and residual stress.
Surface engineering draws upon chemistry, material science, metallurgy, tribology, and biology to enhance surface properties for improving parts.